Deep Scaling / Root Planing is an effective way to stop gum disease from progressing and getting worse. The procedure cleans between the gums and teeth up to the roots. The procedure requires the use of a local anesthesia to numb the gums and roots of the teeth. Scaling involves removing tartar and plaque from the surfaces of the teeth whereas Planing smoothens the surface of the teeth and removes any infected tooth structure. This process gets rid of bacteria in the pocket between gums and teeth and provides favorable conditions for the gums to heal.